My research interests focus on understanding how attentional factors, particularly mind wandering, influence learning and retention. Specifically, I am interested in how different learning environments and materials increase or decrease our likelihood to mind-wander. I am especially interested in the role that technology plays in shaping the future of our education system.


In recent work, I have been investigating whether the presentation style of material (e.g., listening and viewing versus reading, or live versus pre-recorded video) influence our mind wandering reports or distractibility.


One other avenue I am now investigating is the way in which individuals respond to noticed attention lapses. With this, I am investigating both the self-reported experience and eye movements following a mind wandering report. I am interested in learning how individuals compensate for the time and information lost to mind wandering episodes.